OSHA’s Top 10 Violations for 2018
OSHA’s Top 10 Violations for 2018
Annual Workplace Safety Data
from OSHA and NSC
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the National Safety Council (NSC) have long stood as the watchdogs for American businesses when it comes to safety guidance and regulation. A government entity and the product of 1970s legislation, OSHA's mandate is improving workers' physical well-being while on the job through a combination of oversight, training, educational initiatives and enforcing key standards proven to reduce the risk of injury.
Preceding OSHA, NSC has served as the U.S.' leading safety advocate for more than a century. A non-profit organization, NSC promotes the health and well-being – both physically and mentally – of Americans in virtually all arenas of life, including at home, on the road, within communities or on the job.
Combined, OSHA and the NSC form quite the tag team – the former charged with developing key safety standards for business places and the latter, in part, hammering home the message through evidence-based best practices and statistics showcasing the effectiveness of safety initiatives and legislation.
OSHA’s Annual Top 10 List
Every year, though, whether due to careless mistakes or workplaces skirting their safe standard adherence duties, OSHA violations occur. These breaches to safety rules are chronicled and announced by OSHA annually in order for workplaces to understand key areas to focus on to keep workers safer. OSHA typically releases a preliminary "Top 10” list of the most frequently cited safety violations for that fiscal year (FY) as part of NSC’s annual Congress and Expo.
One of the most troubling aspects of this list is the fact that, almost without fail over the past several years, the same violations come up again and again – many of them even in the same order, listed from the most to least common. This suggests that, for all the strides being made every day in the field of safety and regulatory oversight, many of the most common challenges have yet to be conquered.
Recapping the 2016 and 2017 OSHA Violation Lists
Take the 2016 and 2017 OSHA violation lists as examples. The top five most common violations are identical: fall protection, hazard communication, scaffolding, respiratory protection and lockout/tagout. Number 6 and 7 are also the same – ladders and powered industrial trucks – only they swapped places, with ladders moving up a rung and powered industrial trucks down.
Safety at work requires everyone putting their best foot forward. Deborah Hersman, NSC president and CEO, is confident that business owners and their employees can break the vicious cycle by getting serious about adopting a safety culture.
“Knowing how workers are hurt can go a long way toward keeping them safe,” Hersman says. “The OSHA Top 10 list calls out areas that require increased vigilance to ensure everyone goes home safely each day.”
Top 10 OSHA Violations for FY 2018
This past week at NSC’s Congress and Expo in Houston, TX, OSHA's Deputy Director of the Directorate of Enforcement Programs, Patrick Kapust, announced the agency’s preliminary list of violations for FY 2018. The top violations account for an estimated total of 32,266 violations, and about 60 percent of the total for 2018.
Here's a summary of the 2018 top violations – and some of the safety communication steps you can take to keep people in your workplace or who use your equipment safer.
Violation #1: Fall Protection – General Requirements
For the sixth year running, fall protection has topped the annual hazard list, with nearly 8,000 safety violations. The OSHA standard 1926.501 outlines fall protection system requirements, designed to protect employees on walking or working surfaces with an unprotected side or edge 6 feet off the ground or higher.
Clarion Solution: Injuries that occur as a result of slips and falls are among the most common in the country, not just at the workplace. Safety warnings can inform workers, guests and contractors of potential unsafe slip and fall hazards, and reinforce and remind employees about proper safety procedures and personal protective equipment (PPE) requirements. Clarion has the trip hazard signs and slip, trip and fall labels you need to send the right message in clear, concise ways.
Violation #2: Hazard Communication
When potentially harmful chemicals and/or substances are present, it’s the job of business owners and product manufacturers to make this fact apparent. Effective as of 2012, the 1910.1200 OSHA standard has been updated to correspond with the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). GHS establishes a common way of communicating chemical hazard information including the use of a very standardized approach to the content and structure of safety labels pertaining to chemical products.
Clarion Solution: It isn't enough to merely reference that chemicals are nearby; GHS graphical symbols help with quick, easy comprehension in a standardized manner. Clarion has you covered with the GHS labels you need, with pictograms covering hazards and meanings like carcinogens, flammables, irritants, gases under pressure, explosives, skin corrosion/burns, oxidizers and aquatic toxicity.
Violation #3: Scaffolding
This OSHA standard,1926.451, relates to general safety requirements for scaffolding. Employers are required to protect construction workers from falls and falling objects while working on or near scaffolding – temporary structures composed of polls and planks – at a 10 foot height or higher.
Violation #4: Respiratory Protection
At high elevations or in environments where air quality is less than stellar, employers must utilize respiratory protection systems that reduce the risk of inhaling fumes, smoke and mists. OSHA standard 1910.134 outlines these requirements in more detail.
Clarion Solution: Use personal protective equipment (PPE) signs to provide permanent visual reinforcement of your facility’s safety training policies requiring PPE, like respirators. Browse our PPE reinforcement signs now.
Violation #5: Lockout/Tagout
OSHA standard 1910.147 refers to injury risks that exist through the use of power equipment, such as scroll saws or other machinery that uses voltage. It requires employers to establish a program and utilize procedures for affixing appropriate lockout/tagout devices to energy isolating devices, and to disable machines or equipment to prevent unexpected energization, start up or release of stored energy in order to prevent injuries. You'll notice this 1910 standard as a recurring theme in the violations list over the years, and the 2018 iteration was no different. This year, lockout/tagout accounted for nearly 3,000 violations.
Clarion Solution: Devastating injuries can occur from electrical hazards. Proper identification of the nature of electrical hazards and specific avoidance procedures with warnings that give the viewer more information are key to making products and workplaces safer. Clarion has the lockout/tagout safety labels, signs and tags – as well as electrical safety labels, signs and tags – needed to keep people safe.
Violation #6: Ladders
Ladders: they're so common in work environments, there’s an entire month devoted to promoting how to use them properly, given that ladders are often developed differently depending on their function. OSHA standard 1926.1053 outlines what some of these general safety requirements include.
Clarion Solution: Ascending steps or rungs come with risk, even when a few inches off the ground. You can communicate these potential dangers with Clarion’s slip, trip and fall safety signs.
Violation #7: Powered Industrial Trucks
From platform lift trucks to fork trucks and those built for over-the-road hauling, OSHA standard 1910.178 covers the safety requirements for these hulking pieces of machinery.
Clarion Solution: It isn't just the people using powered industrial trucks and forklifts that need protection but the people around them. Clarion has the forklift safety labels and signs you need to protect workers, visitors, and subcontractors from forklift traffic accidents and injuries.
Violation #8: Fall Protection - Training Requirements
This violation was new to the violations list in 2017. It seems this year that employers are still struggling to provide the proper training materials and programs for employees as it relates to fall protection – only in greater numbers, as there’s a 400-citation increase this year compared to last year.
Clarion Solution: Support your fall prevention program and reinforce training on proper safety procedures with safety labels and signs. Clarion offers a variety of trip hazard signs and slip, trip and fall labels – and we can create unlimited custom options in line with your specific program or hazards.
Violation #9: Machine Guarding
The OSHA standard,1910.212, covers general requirements for machine guards to protect the operator and other employees in the machine area from potential hazards that can occur during a machines operation or maintenance, such as in-running nip points, rotating parts, flying chips and sparks.
Clarion Solution: Post safety labels and signs to warn of potential hazards if guards, interlock switches or other safety devices are circumvented. Well-designed safety labels and signs are your critical communication tools to reinforce training, serving as a final reminder regarding the importance of the safety devices installed on your products or in your facilities.
Violation #10: Eye and Face Protection
According to Kapust, this is the first year that this violation “Personal Protective and Lifesaving Equipment - Eye and Face Protection” has made the list, with over 1,500 violations. OSHA standard 1926.102 requires that employers ensure that their employee use appropriate eye or face protection when exposed to eye or face hazards from flying particles, molten metal, liquid chemicals, acids or caustic liquids, chemical gases or vapors, or potentially injurious light radiation. Kapust says that these violations often involve the wearer using prescription lenses in addition to PPE, leading to obscured views.
Clarion Solution: Use safety labels and signs to remind employees about the hazards at hand and the proper PPE required. Clarion offers a variety of PPE labels and PPE reinforcement signs that offer important visual reminders of your company’s safety policies regarding safety glasses and face protection.
What This Year’s Report Means
A significant find of OSHA’s 2018 violations list and data is that the total number of violations represents a 10.19 percent increase – or 2,942 more violations – than in 2017. While these statistics are only from the federal agency, and don’t include violations found by state enforcement agencies, it’s a telling benchmark that these top hazards are still a concern, despite OSHA’s push to communicate and regulate, as well as the shared goal of increased safety for today’s workplaces and equipment manufacturers.
Clarion has the labels, signs and tags that can help your warnings to get noticed and heeded. We also offer complementary services like label and sign assessments, as well as risk assessments. Contact us today to learn more!