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Reducing Risk, Protecting People

OSHA's Top 10 Safety Violations for 2023: A Guide for Employers and Workers

Posted by Clarion Safety Systems | 24th Oct 2023

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the National Safety Council (NSC) have long stood as watchdogs for American businesses when it comes to safety regulations and guidance. Combined, OSHA and the NSC form quite the tag team – the former charged with setting and enforcing key safety mandates for businesses and the latter, in part of its work as the nation’s leading nonprofit safety advocate, hammering home the message through evidence-based best practices and statistics showcasing the effectiveness of safety initiatives and legislation.

OSHA’s Annual Top 10 Violations List
Every year, though, whether due to avoidable mistakes or workplaces skirting their safety standard adherence duties, OSHA violations occur. These breaches to safety rules are chronicled and announced by OSHA annually in order for workplaces to understand key areas to focus on to keep workers safer. OSHA typically releases a preliminary "Top 10” list of the most frequently cited safety violations for that fiscal year (FY) as part of NSC’s annual Safety Congress and Expo.

One of the most troubling aspects of this list is the fact that, almost without fail over the past several years, the same violations come up again and again – many of them even in the same order, listed from the most to least common. This suggests that, for all the strides being made every day in the field of safety and regulatory oversight, many of the most common challenges have yet to be conquered.

Recapping Prior Year OSHA Violation Lists
Take the 2016, 2017, 2018, and 2019 OSHA violation lists as examples. The top five most common violations were identical: fall protection, hazard communication, scaffolding, respiratory protection and lockout/tagout. Many of the following five violations were also the same, just moving up or down in prevalence on the list. For example, violations 1 and 2 in 2020 were the exact same topics as this year, and fall protections have topped the list for 13 years in row. It’s a telling benchmark that these top hazards are still a concern year over year, despite OSHA’s push to communicate and regulate, as well as the shared goal of increased safety for today’s workplaces and equipment manufacturers.

Top 10 OSHA Violations for FY 2023
On October 24, 2023, OSHA announced its preliminary ‘Top 10’ list of the most frequently cited workplace safety violations for FY 2023. This year, the list was presented through the NSC Safety Congress and Expo in New Orleans, LA. Eric Harbin, administrator of OSHA’s Dallas-based Region 6, presented the preliminary data and Kevin Druley, NSC Safety+Health associate editor, moderated the session.

Although multiple standards swapped positions, the top 10 violations from FY 2022 to FY 2023 did not change in their composition.

Here's a summary of the 2023 top violations – and some of the safety communication steps you can take to keep people in your workplace or who use your equipment safer. It’s important to remember that this list is preliminary for 2023, and only includes data through September 29, 2023; an in depth look will be provided with more statistics from OSHA in December later this year.

Violation #1: Fall Protection – General Requirements
For the 13th consecutive year, fall protection has topped the annual hazard list, with 7,271 safety violations, growing immensely from 5,260 last year in 2022. The OSHA standard 1926.501 outlines fall protection system requirements, designed to protect employees on walking or working surfaces with an unprotected side or edge 6 feet off the ground or higher.

Clarion Safety Solution: Injuries that occur as a result of slips and falls are among the most common in the country, not just at the workplace. Safety warnings can inform workers, guests and contractors of potential unsafe slip and fall hazards, and reinforce and remind employees about proper safety procedures and personal protective equipment (PPE) requirements. Clarion Safety has the trip hazard signs and slip, trip and fall labels you need to send the right message in clear, concise ways.

Violation #2: Hazard Communication
This violation stayed at the 2nd spot this year, with 3,213 violations so far in 2023. When potentially harmful chemicals and/or substances are present, it’s the job of business owners and product manufacturers to make this fact apparent. Effective as of 2012, the 1910.1200 OSHA standard has been updated to correspond with the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). And, OSHA’s intention is to continue to align its Hazard Communication Standard with GHS as it evolves. GHS establishes a common way of communicating chemical hazard information including the use of a very standardized approach to the content and structure of safety labels pertaining to chemical products.

Clarion Safety Solution:It isn't enough to merely reference that chemicals are nearby; GHS graphical symbols help with quick, easy comprehension in a standardized manner. Clarion Safety has you covered with the GHS labels you need, with pictograms covering hazards and meanings like carcinogens, flammables, irritants, gases under pressure, explosives, skin corrosion/burns, oxidizers and aquatic toxicity. We can also meet your chemical safety labeling and signage needs.

Violation #3: Ladders
Ladders: they're so common in work environments, there’s an entire month devoted to promoting how to use them properly – in addition to more general fall prevention awareness campaigns – given that ladders are often developed differently depending on their function. OSHA standard 1926.1053 outlines what some of these general safety requirements include.

Clarion Safety Solution: Ascending steps or rungs come with risk, even when a few inches off the ground. You can communicate these potential dangers with Clarion Safety’s slip, trip, and fall safety signs.

Violation #4: Scaffolding
This OSHA standard,1926.451, relates to general safety requirements for scaffolding. Employers are required to protect construction workers from falls and falling objects while working on or near scaffolding – temporary structures composed of polls and planks – at a 10 foot height or higher. This year, 2,859 citations have been attributed to scaffolding related incidents.

Clarion Safety Solution: Keep your hard-working construction team off the injured list by selecting from Clarion Safety’s comprehensive workplace safety signs, including slip, trip, and fall signs.

Violation #5: Powered Industrial Trucks
From platform lift trucks to forklifts and those built for over-the-road hauling, OSHA standard 1910.178 covers the safety requirements for these hulking pieces of machinery. Issues cited in the findings from OSHA included training on the specific type of truck being used, the use and evaluation of refresher training every three years, and operating a truck in need of repair or service.

Clarion Safety Solution: It isn't just the people using powered industrial trucks and forklifts that need protection but the people around them. Clarion Safety has the forklift safety labels and signs you need to protect workers, visitors, and subcontractors from forklift traffic accidents and injuries.

Violation #6: Lockout/Tagout
OSHA standard 1910.147 refers to injury risks that exist through the use of power equipment, such as scroll saws or other machinery that use voltage. It requires employers to establish a program and utilize procedures for affixing appropriate lockout/tagout devices to energy isolating devices, and to disable machines or equipment to prevent unexpected energization, start up or release of stored energy in order to prevent injuries. You'll notice this 1910 standard as a recurring theme in the violations list over the years, and the 2023 iteration was no different. This year, lockout/tagout accounted for 2,554 violations.

Clarion Safety Solution: Devastating injuries can occur from electrical hazards. Proper identification of the nature of electrical hazards and specific avoidance procedures with warnings that give the viewer more information are key to making products and workplaces safer. Clarion Safety has the lockout/tagout safety labels, signs and tags – as well as electrical safety labels, signs and tags – needed to keep people safe.

Violation #7: Respiratory Protection
At high elevations or in environments where air quality is less than stellar, employers must utilize respiratory protection systems that reduce the risk of inhaling fumes, smoke and mists. OSHA standard 1910.134 outlines these requirements in more detail.

Clarion Safety Solution: Use personal protective equipment (PPE) signs to provide permanent visual reinforcement of your facility’s safety training policies requiring PPE, like respirators. Browse our PPE reinforcement signs now.

Violation #8: Fall Protection - Training Requirements
This violation was new to the violations list in 2017. It seems this year that employers are still struggling to provide the proper training materials and programs for employees as it relates to fall protection, as the 2,112 of falls this past year are directly attributed to lapse in training materials.

Clarion Safety Solution: Support your fall prevention program and reinforce training on proper safety procedures with safety labels and signs. Clarion Safety offers a variety of trip hazard signs and slip, trip and fall labels – and we can create unlimited custom options in line with your specific program or hazards.

Violation #9: Eye and Face Protection
2018 was the first year that this violation “Personal Protective and Lifesaving Equipment - Eye and Face Protection” made the list. It returned in 2021, 2022 and again in 2023 with 2,074 violations. OSHA standard 1926.102 requires that employers ensure that their employees use appropriate eye or face protection when exposed to eye or face hazards from flying particles, molten metal, liquid chemicals, acids or caustic liquids, chemical gases or vapors, or potentially injurious light radiation.

Clarion Safety Solution: Use safety labels and signs to remind employees about the hazards at hand and the proper PPE required. Clarion Safety offers a variety of PPE labels and PPE reinforcement signs that offer important visual reminders of your company’s safety policies regarding safety glasses and face protection.

Violation #10: Machine Guarding
The OSHA standard,1910.212, covers general requirements for machine guards to protect the operator and other employees in the machine area from potential hazards that can occur during a machine’s operation or maintenance, such as in-running nip points, rotating parts, flying chips, and sparks.

Clarion Safety Solution: Post safety labels and signs to warn of potential hazards if guards, interlock switches or other safety devices are circumvented. Well-designed safety labels and signs are your critical communication tools to reinforce training, serving as a final reminder regarding the importance of the safety devices installed on your products or in your facilities. From emergency stop legend plates to guard switch light curtain labels to accident prevention and equipment safety signs, we can meet all your warning needs.

Helping to Reduce Machinery & Workplace Risks
Clarion Safety has the label, sign, and tag products that can help your warnings, instructions and workplace policies get noticed and heeded. We also offer a range of complementary services, including comprehensive machinery safety and risk assessment solutions , and specialized and targeted training.

Also keep in mind that Machine Safety Specialists (MSS), a Clarion Safety company, offers machine safeguarding and risk assessment programs. Our team at MSS also has available a comprehensive online training program on machine safety risk assessment and machine safeguarding. This live class is designed for employers and workers who want to learn about OSHA machine safety requirements, identify and assess machine hazards, and implement effective safeguarding measures. It covers a wide range of topics, including:

  • U.S./OSHA machine safety standards
  • Machine hazard identification and assessment
  • Machine safeguarding principles and practices
  • Risk assessment methodologies
  • Selection and implementation of safeguarding devices
  • Functional safety/Control reliability

Reach out to us today to learn more about how our teams at Clarion Safety and MSS can help meet your safety and risk reduction needs!

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